Long before the shamrock became associated with St. Patrick’s Day (March 17), the four-leaf clover was regarded by ancient Celts as a charm against evil spirits.
In the early 1900s, O. H. Benson, an Iowa school superintendent, came up with the idea of using a clover as the emblem for a newly founded agricultural club for children. In 1911, the four-leaf clover was chosen as the emblem for the national club program, now known as 4-H!*
* from the Farmer’s Almanac
The theme for 2014 is, Celebrating Women of Character, Courage, and Commitment. The month honors the extraordinary and often unrecognized determination and tenacity of women. Against social convention and often legal restraints, women have created a legacy that expands the frontiers of possibility for generations to come.
Meet the 12 women selected as honorees for 2014:
• Chipeta (1843-1924) Indian Rights Advocate and Diplomat
• Anna Julia Haywood Cooper (1858-1964) African American Educator and Author
• Agatha Tiegel Hanson (1873-1959) Educator, Author, and Advocate for Deaf Community
• Katharine Ryan Gibbs (1863-1934) Women’s Employment Pioneer
• Frances Oldham Kelsey (1914-Present) Pharmacologist and Public Health Activist
• Roxcy O’Neal Bolton (1926-Present) 20th Century Women’s Rights Pioneer
• Arden Eversmeyer (1931-Present) The Old Lesbian Oral Herstory Project Founder
• Carmen Delgado Votaw (1935-Present) International Women’s Rights Activist
• Ann Lewis (1937-Present) Women’s Rights Organizer and Women’s History Advocate
• Jaida Im (1961-Present) Advocate for Survivors of Human Trafficking
• Tammy Duckworth (1968-Present) Member of Congress and Iraq War Veteran
• Lisa Taylor (1974-Present) Civil Rights Attorney
Visit the Smithsonian Education web page for more information about Women's History month, classroom resources, and events taking place this month to honor and celebrate women and their contributions throughout history.