Restrictive Procedures
“Restrictive procedures” means the use of physical holding or seclusion of children with disabilities in an emergency in Minnesota schools. “Emergency” means a situation where immediate intervention is needed to protect a child or other individual from physical injury. Restrictive procedures must not be used to punish or otherwise discipline a child. Minnesota Statutes, sections 125A.0941 and 125A.0942, govern the use of restrictive procedures.
  • Model Post-Use Debrief Form - 10/16/14
    This model form provides guidance to districts in meeting the post-use debriefing requirements of Minnesota Statutes.
  • Reducing Restrictive Procedures Expert List - 9/24/14
    List of experts for district and school use when reducing restrictive procedures
  • Model Restrictive Procedures Plan - 9/17/14  pdf iconPDF 
    MDE has developed a model restrictive procedures plan to provide guidance and a documentation model for schools.
  • Restrictive Procedures Legislation - 2014 Amendments - 9/15/14
    A summary of amendments to Minnesota Statutes, section 125A.0942, effective May 21, 2014.
  • Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Programs - 6/26/14
    This resource was most recently updated June 2014. These materials are provided to assist districts in developing their Restrictive Procedures Plan to meet requirements outlined in Minnesota Statutes section 125A.0942, Subd. 1. (Effective August 1, 2011.)
  • Restrictive Procedures Summary Data Form - 5/5/14
    As required by Minnesota Statutes, Minnesota school districts must provide to MDE, summary data on the use of restrictive procedures during the current school year before July 1. Please complete this form electronically and submit the original form by uploading to MDE on the Special Education Compliance Document Upload page. For questions about the form or problems with uploading files, please contact Ross Oden at ross.oden@state.mn.us or 651-582-8450.
  • Model Restrictive Procedures Checklist - 3/26/14
    MDE has created a model checklist which includes the applicable state laws and fire and safety codes for the use of rooms used for seclusion.

Physical Holding


  • Physical holding means physical intervention intended to hold a child immobile or limit a child’s movement, where body contact is the only source of physical restraint, and where immobilization is used to effectively gain control of a child in order to protect a child or other individual from physical injury. Physical holding may be used only in an emergency. Each time physical holding is used, the staff person who implements or oversees the physical holding must document its use. See Physical Holding Model form.
     
  • Prone restraint” means placing a student in a face down position. School districts may only use prone restraint in an emergency on children five years of age and older until August 1, 2015.
     
  • Training. Prone restraint may only be applied by staff who have been specifically trained on the use of prone restraints, provided the district has submitted a list of trained staff to MDE, including information on the type of training that was provided and the trainer. See Prone Restraint Staff Training Reporting form.
     
  • Each incident of the use of prone restraint must be reported to MDE within five working days, using the form provided by MDE. See Prone Restraint Reporting form.
     
  • Before using prone restraints, the district must review any known medical or psychological limitations that contraindicate the use of prone restraints.
     
  • Data reporting. MDE will collect data on districts’ use of prone restraint and publish the data on MDE’s website on a quarterly basis.
     
  • Report to the Legislature. The commissioner must report to the Legislature on districts’ progress in reducing the use of restrictive procedures annually by February 1. The report must also include recommendations on how to further reduce these procedures and eliminate the use of prone restraints.

Minnesota Department of Human Services: Positive Supports Community of Practice (PSCoP)
The (PSCoP) is dedicated to the transition from punitive and aversive practices to positive supports. The PSCoP live streams bi-monthly meetings, which provide technical assistance, training from experts, and updates on efforts to reduce punitive practices. View the Positive Support Community of Practice webpage.
  • A Summary of Prone Restraint Data Reported by Districts - January 1, 2014 – March 31, 2014  - 7/29/14
    Summary of data on the use of prone restraint for incidents that occurred in Minnesota public school districts between January 1, 2014, and March 31, 2014. The summary includes data regarding incidents of prone restraint, student demographics, and number of reporting districts.
  • A Summary of Prone Restraint Data Reported by Districts - April 1, 2014 – June 30, 2014  - 7/29/14
    Summary of data on the use of prone restraint for incidents that occurred in Minnesota public school districts between April 1, 2014, and June 30, 2014. The summary includes data regarding incidents of prone restraint, student demographics, and number of reporting districts.
  • Prone Restraint Staff Training Reporting Form   pdf iconPDF  - 12/2/13
    Prone restraint may only be used by staff who have received specific training on the use of prone restraints, provided the district has submitted to MDE a list of trained staff, including the type of training that was provided, and by whom. Submit this form through the Special Education Compliance Document Upload link.
  • Physical Holding Model Form  - 12/2/13
    Each time physical holding is used, the staff person who implements or oversees the physical holding must document its use.
  • Prone Restraint Reporting Form  - 12/2/13
    State statute requires that school districts use this form to report each incident of the use of prone restraint to MDE. Submit this form through the Special Education Compliance Document Upload link. Questions regarding this form may be directed to Pamela Hinze: 651-582-8518 or pamela.hinze@state.mn.us.
  • Prone Restraint Reporting Form - Instructions  - 12/2/13
    This document provides technical assistance and guidance to individuals completing the Prone Restraint Reporting Form.

Seclusion

Seclusion” means confining a child alone in a room from which egress is barred. Egress may be barred by an adult locking or closing the door in the room, or preventing the child from leaving the room. Seclusion may only be used in an emergency. Before using a room for seclusion, a school must: 1) receive written notice from local authorities that the room and the locking mechanisms comply with applicable building, fire, and safety codes; and 2) register the room with the Minnesota commissioner of education. (Minn. Stat. § 125A.0942, Subd. 3(a)(7)). See Seclusion Room - Registration Instructions and Seclusion Room Requirements. Documentation of the use of seclusion is required. See Seclusion - Model Form.