The following resources and tools will help instructional leaders understand effective core instruction.

Academic English: Implications for K-12 English Learners (http://ceee.gwu.edu/node/131). This 77-page article explains academic language, instructional practices used to teach it, teacher preparation and training to improve instructional practice, and policies that support academic language. This article is priority reading for administrators and leadership teams.

2012 Amplification of the English Language Development (ELD) Standards (http://mediasite.engr.wisc.edu/Mediasite/Viewer/?peid=9078b6820cd44e89a6856ebca1f14e961d). This two-hour webinar by World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) lays out an academic language continuum for English learners from levels 1 to 6 and describes the graphic, interactive, and sensory supports needed to provide access to the Minnesota K-12 English Language Arts standards. The connection of the English Language Development Standards to the State ELA Standards is discussed at the 1:02 video interval.

Formative Assessment of Academic Language for English Language Learners (ELLs) (http://www.wida.us/downloadLibrary.aspx). This download library by World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) include several resources for assessment of English Language Learners (ELLs). See the categories of "Can Do” Descriptors, ACCESS for ELLs, Research, and Videos/Webinars. You will need a login and password to access webinars. Bailey, A. and Heritage, M. Formative Assessment for Literacy, Grades K-6: Building Reading and Academic Language Skills Across the Curriculum (2008). This book provides learning progressions for language development and shows teachers how to use formative assessment to target instruction.

The Oral Language Acquisition Inventory 2 (http://www.pearsonassessments.com/HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=0158130316). Lance Gentile created this 20- minute video, paper and pencil assessment to evaluate language and learning behaviors in order to drive effective instruction and/or intervention. Although created for English Learners, it has been expanded to span pre-K to grade 6. NOTE: Minnesota Department of Education does not endorse specific products. This link is an illustrative example of a language inventory that could be used to target language interventions and support the Language section of the 2010 ELA Standards and the assessment requirements of the Read Well by Third Grade statute (120B.12).