Critical Components of MTSS
Response to Intervention (RtI) and Multi-tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) are both frameworks of instructional design that support all students in making progress towards and exceeding mastery of grade-level content standards. In an MTSS/RtI framework, instructional supports are differentiated by levels of support to accelerate growth for students who lag behind their peers, as well as those exceeding grade-level expectations.
A school-wide, multi-level instructional system for preventing school failure includes screening, progress monitoring, and data-based decision making for instruction and movement within the multi-level system.
MTSS and RtI are viewed as similar concepts by the Minnesota Legislature; however, since 2012, education leaders have witnessed a systematic movement away from RtI toward MTSS. Many RtI resources for training and implementation that were developed before 2012 are still very useful and appropriate. Therefore, the terms RtI and MTSS are used interchangeably throughout the Toolkit.
The tools and resources in this section will help leaders explore the essential components of MTSS/RtI and may use them to learn how these components work within a school system. Teachers will find tools to help them become familiar with critical features of MTSS/RtI, while administrators will find tools for planning and preparation.